from Redhill to Gympie

A tribute to Michael Christian Daly & Eileen Gertrude Green,to their descendants and to their ancestors and to the many cousins

Justina Catherina Entenmann, was also known as Gus or Augusta. She married Michael Edmond Daly (1887-1937) on 20 March 1910 at St Patrick's Church in Gympie, Queensland, Australia. Her dad was Johann Christian Entenmann (1840-1918) and her mum was Hannah Mary Frederica Rau (1852-1925). Gus was the mother of Michael Christian Daly (1917-1988).

Gus was a first generation Australian, born of Germanic heritage. Her family, after migrating to Australia, lived in Gayndah, a small town inland from the coast and about 330 kilometres from the capital of the state, Brisbane.

Life would have been difficult for pioneers travelling by sail ship in which death was not an infrequent occurrence. Upon arrival the families would trudge, often by foot, to remote areas to establish their new lives. Non Anglo immigrants would also have to deal with biases and language difficulties. The Gayndah region had a reputation of having among the highest proportion of German immigrants at that time.

Gus's dad, Johann Christian Entenmann (1840-1918), was from the Kingdom of Württemberg which was a state that existed from 1806 to 1918. Württemberg is located in present-day Baden-Württemberg, in south west Germany. Official records show that the Entenmann family registered to migrate to Australia in 1855. The decision to leave was possibly to get away from the social and political upheaval occurring in the area; the revolution of 1848 did not leave Württemberg untouched:

"In 1816 Württemberg became a member of the Deutschen Bund and a member of the Deutschen Zollverein since 1834. The attempt of King Wilhelm I, who reigned from 1816 to 1864, to give Württemberg a modern constitution failed initially, due to the resistance of the estates, but succeeded in 1819. After the suppression, in 1849, of the March Revolution of 1848, the royal government returned to a system of reaction. Württemberg formed a loose coalition with Habsburg against Prussian but became in a member of the Deutschen Reich in 1871."

Another article says "Notions of economic success and political self-determination stoked in the 19th century the myth of the unlimited possibilities in the "New World". For many immigrants, the grueling journey began with a stagecoach ride or walk from their home town to the international ports of Hamburg and Bremerhaven. The emigrants transport was a lucrative business, the auslastete their ships on the West routes for shipping companies. The departure from Germany was mostly a farewell forever ...... Even horror stories of shipwrecks such as the sinking of the "Austria" in 1858 did not discourage their projects candidates for emigration. Arriving at the destination of the trip, all letters only link in the "Old World". In them the emigrants reported on their experiences, the daily life and habits in foreign lands. Often the letters also included success stories that motivated relatives and friends to emigrate to their homes."

Johann Christian Entenmann (1840-1918) traveled to Australia on the ship "San Francisco". The ship is described as a three masted barque of 450 tons built in Bjornberg, Sweden in 1846 and was owned by J C Godeffroy & Sons. See With him were his brother, dad and granddad.

The "San Francisco" left Hamburg on 7 July 1855 and arrived in Hobart on 2 November 1855 (a journey of 117 days ), then departed for Sydney on 12 November 1855. Soon after arriving in Sydney on 20 November 1855, the "San Francisco" departed for Peru.

The passenger lists includes the following entries:

#99 ENTENMANN Johann, Osweil, Wurtenberg, Schäfer*, 47 yrs male
#100 ENTENMANN Joh. Christian, Osweil, Wurtenberg, 16 yrs male
#101 ENTENMANN Joh. Friederich, Osweil, Wurtenberg, 15 yrs male

* "Schäfer" is translated from German as a shepherd

Johann (Christian Entenmann) and his two sons would have traveled onwards to Maryborough (and eventually Gayndah) on a coastal steamer for which passenger lists are not available.

Gus's dad, Johann Christian Entenmann, initially earned his living as a labourer and through careful saving bought a plot of land and started market gardening in Gayndah. A friend of the family recalls their generosity and enterpreneurship. Bill Davis an old family friend and recalls the early days in a letter he wrote to a cousin. It is very enlightening. See Bill Davis's letter here. In part he says, "I should have mentioned that John Entenmann was known to have pushed a wheel barrow of eggs from Gayndah to Maryborough to sell and brought back a hive of bees. No easy job." John was a brother to Gus.

Gus's mum was Hannah Mary Frederica Rau. Hannah, who aged about 3 years, arrived in Australia with her parents David Rau and Anna Ebinger around 1855. The Rau family, like the Entenmann's, were from the Kingdom of Württemberg.

Shortly after the Rau family's arrival in Australia, sadly, Gus's grandmother Anna Ebinger, died travelling between Maryborough and Gayndah. Anna's husband, David Rau, buried her at the side of the road. Their is no record of her death made by the Registrar of Births Deaths and Marriages. It would have been a difficult life for David caring for a young daughter pioneering a new life in new country without the support of a partner.

A common background would have brought Gus's parents together. They married in 1870 in Gayndah. He was about 30 and she was 17 years old, just 2 months short of her 18th birthday. It is interesting that her marriage certificate says she was 18! The celebrant noted on the certificate that her dad's consent was given. Hannah was to live in Gayndah up until her death in 1925 when she was virtually blind from glaucoma.

Gus's paternal grandparents and parents: Johann Entenmann died in Gayndah in 1879. According to his death certificate Johann had been in Australia for 24 years. There is no record of the death of his wife Justine Katerina Eichert. Gus's parents are buried in the local Gayndah cemetery and a headstone marks their graves. The adjacent image has a link to a larger photo (433 kb).

Thank you to for the photo.

The family photo below was taken about 1905.

As noted above, Augusta and Justina are the same person and her family called her Gus. Gus married Michael Edmond Daly on 20 March 1910 at St Patricks church in Gympie. Michael Edmond worked as a train driver. The family moved to Brisbane in the 1930's and lived at 33 Scott Road Herston. Their house was named "Tumba". The history of this name is not known. I recall Gus, whom I called Nana, as a kind gentle person who loved children. When I was a little boy, she would always leave a lot of cake mix in the bowl for me to lick. And she never got angry when I would flick the lightening arrester off!

This website has a few pictorial histories of Gus's family: pictorial history 1 & pictorial history 2.

In a family story it is said that after she moved to Herston from Gympie Gus regularly caught the bus owned by her brother John Frederick, 1878-1954, who was known as Fred. She would travel with him on his routes so they could catch up for a chat, talking with each other as passengers boarded or alighted - a photo of the bus service and Entenmann family is below too.

When Michael Christian Daly (1917-1988) and wife Eileen Green (1914-1991) moved back to Brisbane following World War 2, they stayed with Fred at his home in Redcliffe while they started building their own home in Herston. Fred may have lived at 4 Sutton Street Redcliffe (see web reference) and Frederick Entenmann, junior who was a carpenter lived nextdoor at 6 Sutton Street, Redcliffe. The address is verified by a news article available from Trove which describes a competition won by Fred. Michael is the younger son of Gus. I am grateful to a cousin advises:

" Fred Entermann Snr and his wife Rose, retired to 3 Marine Parade, Redcliffe, next door to her brother Tom Williams (5 Marine Parade). Both homes were built by Fred Jnr the carpenter/ bus driver son, as well as his own at 4 Sutton Street, which backed onto the two blocks. A fourth block at 6 Sutton Street was bought by the enterprising Fred Snr, and later sold for a good profit. The two water-front homes on Marine Parade still stand, but as of last year (2017)the Sutton Street house has been removed to make way for yet another high-rise.
The newspaper account of Fred Jnr winning the 'Find the ball' was still being discussed when I married into the family in 1963, "Freddie Jimmie Chrissie' as he was sometimes affectionately called by his wife, Isa, was still religiously buying the paper each week and trying to find another missing football! There is another Trove newspaper account I saw once of the Entermann 'bus for sale' but have not been able to get it again.

I have also been informed recently by a cousin that Sophia was also added into the above photo - she had died in childbirth in July 1913 (3 years before her dad) and is buried in Gympie with the still-born infant.

Gus's maternal grandparents: David Rau died of stomach cancer in Gayndah in 1881 and Anna Maria Ebinger died about October 1855. Following the death of Anna Maria, David remarried in 1865. His second wife was Christina Hutschgau was born in Germany around 1815 and she died in 1876 - probably in Gayndah.







Below is an extract of the German emigration record. Source: