A tribute to Michael Christian Daly & Eileen Gertrude Green,to their descendents and to their ancestors and to the many cousins

Transcription notes

When transcribing this article I decided not to edit it from the original in order to retain the sentiment of the document. It was written by my maternal aunt, Phillis Green who was born 13 October 1911 and who is a direct descendent of the Greenhoughs. I understand that the genealogy in Phillis' record is mostly accurate but may err in omission or a mix up in the generations as it does not exactly match birth, marriage and death records. For example, the article describes the children of Mary O'Toole and Thomas Greenhough (abt 1813-1851) incorrectly as the children of 'Thomas and Catherine Greenhough'.There are a few spelling variations to the name Greenhaugh including Greenham or Greenough.

I believe that it was prepared in the early 1980's by Phillis for a friend of hers.

Notwithstanding any errors, it is still an insightful record into the life of the early colonists in South Australia and provides a not unreasonably accurate trace of the Green family tree.

The adjacent photo was taken in Sydney in winter 1943 at the height of the World War II. Left to right: Phillis Green, her mother Margaret Monica (nee Hayes), and her sister Eileen Gertrude Green who was later to marry Michael Christian Daly.

MWJ Daly

        Originally our name was Greenhough, but not long after settlement in SOUTH AUSTRALIA, the then COLONIALS decided the name was too long and too "TOFFY", therefore the name was shortened to GREEN, according to information passed on to me from my father WILLIAM AMBROSE GREEN, son THOMAS GREEN, son of THOMAS & CATHERINE GREENHOUGH. Our Grandparents were THOMAS & PHILLIS GREEN OF COLLINSFIELD VIA SOUTH AUSTRALIA.

THOMAS GREEN eldest son of THOMAS & CATHERINE GREENHOUGH, of above, Farmer
MARYANN GREEN second child of above, School Teacher
JOHN GREEN third child of above, Farmer, Western District, Victoria
JAMES GREEN fourth child of above, Farmer, Naracoorte South East, South Australia

Great grandfather, James Thomas Greenhaught, came from CHESHIRE ENGLAND. Great Grandma, Mary O'Toole, originally came from DUBLIN IRELAND to LIVERPOOL COUNTY CHESHIRE ENGLAND.

They married I believe in LIVERPOOL, and sailed from that port, and arrived at PORT ADELAIDE in 1840. Great grandfather was Protestant, and great grandmother was Catholic.

They, like all new settlers to this virgin country and this new Colony of South Australia presumably built their thatched tent and settled with the other settlers on the banks of the River Torrens near where the Festival Centre is today, for some time. Great Grandpa could read and write which so many of the new settlers were unable to do due to harsh circumstances. Soon they were settled in Angus Street, where he was put in charge of goods that came by ship to the Colony in a warehouse, as every pin, nail, tack, tea etc. had to be brought by sailing ship from England and invoiced here.

Many of these ships floundered and were lost on our treacherous coast which is ridden with rocky reefs and created such a short supply of necessary goods.

After some years great grandfather saved sufficient money to buy and become the first farmer of the new district of WALKERVILLE. For some years ADELAIDE was the only area, or council; then as the population grew they then formed the new WARD of WALKERVILLE. It appears the area started just across the River Torrens near HACKNEY to an area north. It was just across the Torrens near Hackney on the ground where Channel 10 is now built. He built his house of mud, as were so many in the early days of the Colony, they proved to be very durable, warm in winter, and cool in summer. It was still standing near the banks of the Torrens when my family came to live in Adelaide from Redhill SA in 1925, my father proudly pointing out to Mother and my sisters. It was demolished when Channel 10 built their studio and bought the surrounding ground.

In the first few years of colonisation there was only the council area known as ADELAIDE. When expansion began the people moved north, and it was then that the council of WALKERVILLE was formed. Great grandfather's farm was in the council of WALKERVILLE just over the river Torrens. I presume what is now part of St. Peters. As the government built bridges over the river Torrens which was a rather longer and wider river than it is today hence when in flood a huge volume of water flowed down stream and a lot of ADELAIDE was flooded, the temporary bridges washed away and very deep and dangerous holes occurred in many places along the banks.

Many of the early citizens when attempting to cross the river supplies etc. were very sadly drowned. One of these was our great grandfather Greenhough.

Great grandfather met his untimely death possibly near a very deep hole near his home. His wife was left with small children, eldest of our grandfather Green. Then his wife Catherine with her young family moved near Salisbury.

There I believe life was very hard. On Sundays our grandfather would walk with his mother 5 miles to Mass and 5 miles home arriving home late in the afternoon.

Apparently before great grandfather was drowned; when his children were born he had them registered as GREEN only, not GREENHOUGH. However my father William Green decided if he and his wife, my mother Margaret Monica (nee HAYES) had a son, they were going to revert to the name of Greenhough, but unfortunately they only had daughters (4). Hence still the name of Green.

As was the custom in England when the father of the family died, the eldest son inherited whatever, and all the money of his father's deceased estate. However, our grandfather Thomas Green was a very devoted son and brother. Instead of claiming his rightful inheritance he went to work, mostly shearing along the Darling River Stations until he had enough money, after working very hard to care for his mother, sister and then to divide the money between himself and his two brothers, John and James. I presume his mother had died by now as he looked after his sister MaryAnn.

His brother John went to the Western district of Victoria, bought land, became a farmer and settled there permanently. I have a letter written by him to our grandfather Thomas Green in their later lives. I shall get a copy of this letter and let you have it Ruth.

Uncle Jim (James) Green settled on a property in the South East of South Australia near the town of Naracoorte and became a very wealthy man. He married in later life to Lillina Davies a cousin of Dr. Ruby Davies a musician of the Elder Conservatorium Adelaide. They had two sons, Arthur and John and one daughter Lillian who married Sir Douglas Mason's navigator of his ship to the South Pole expedition. Lillian and her husband Kenith lived in England after their marriage. Kenith sadly died soon after World War II due to strain on his naval career. My father and mother saw Uncle Jim and his wife frequently after they retired to Brighton Adelaide where he lived a long life into his eighties. His sons Arthur and John remained in the South East and now their sons have inherited their properties. Uncle Jim's grandson John married in the 1950's a Beauty Queen a Miss South Australia. These families are well represented today in the Naracoorte and Mt. Gambier areas.

This I believe also applied to John's descendants in Victoria, as some years ago my sister Eileen Daly came in contact with some of the descendants of Uncle John, as does our grandfather Thomas Green's descendants in Adelaide, Red Hill and Lower North of South Australia.

Thomas Green, our grandfather, then decided to go north, where be bought a small farm situated at GOYDERS PLAINS, taking his only sister MaryAnn to live at the farm, where she house kept for her brother. This farm was not far from Port Wakefield. They settled with just the minimum amount of furniture as did most settlers in those early days of colonisation, due to very little money, their all purpose cedar table, which I possess now from my father, was used as kitchen come all purpose of which Grandpa Green and Aunt MaryAnn were very proud.

Grandpa, Aunt MaryAnn, Uncle James and Uncle John, Grandpa's brothers all has an elementary education which was rare in those days with the new settlers, as the country state schools were not built until late 1860's and hence so many of this generation unfortunately found difficulty in reading and writing.

Aunt MaryAnn qualified as a teacher; she then decided to teach at near Port Wakefield. She established her own private school charging according to that time the big sum of money of one shilling per week per pupil. This sum of one shilling per week in the 1860's this was a very large amount as the basic wage was then in the vicinity of seven shillings and six pence per week for a man to keep his wife and family.

I met an elderly woman from Blythe some years ago, I think her name was Miss Sykes in fact I nursed her [the author was a registered nurse] not long before this sweet woman died. She told me she had trained as a nursing sister at Calvary Hospital [North Adelaide] soon after Calvary opened as a training school for nurses, there during her training she nursed Grandpa Green as he was dying. One thing which touched the nuns and nurses was, this dear old man wished his hat which he wore on his wedding day to be put in his coffin said Miss Sykes. I believe, according to my father he just adored our Grandma.

This woman (Miss Sykes) then told me how proud her family was, as their mother was educated by Miss MaryAnn Green at her private school. Aunt MaryAnn traveled by horse back to her school and back to her brother's farm house (Grandpa's) each day as she also kept house for him.

However Aunt MaryAnn met a young man, a Master Mariner -a ship's captain presumably at Port Wakefield, this port was a very busy one, as grain and wool was transported from there to overseas markets. MaryAnn Green married Captain Hill, the ship's Mariner and had five children. They eventually moved to live in Perth Western Australia. Four of their children also became school teachers.

The eldest daughter of this union of marriage, as so often happened, stayed at home and helped her mother to run the home, helping to look after the younger children, she did not marry. I am in touch, just rarely, with two of this family's grandchildren of Aunt MaryAnn.

Our grandfather Green now on his own met and fell in love with a very beautiful young English woman, PHILLIS BURGESS, also living with her mother and stepfather at Port Wakefield. Grandma's mother left England, as a widow with her only child Phillis -our Grandma aged, five years.

Great Grandma married a Mr. Chatfield, also an Englishman, at Port Wakefield where they lived, had a family for many years. In retirement they moved to live at Balaklava..

Grandma, aged 17 years married Grandpa Green in the Salisbury Catholic Church about 1867 I believe. Grandma Green, as a Burgess, was of course Church England, before becoming a Roman Catholic when she married Grandpa Green a very devout Catholic.

They lived happily at the farm at Goyder Plains via Balaklava where they had four children. The eldest Mary Agatha, second child Catherine, third child Archibald, fourth child Ellen.

Then a wealthy English family well known in this State by the name of BOWMAN decided they wanted to buy all the land miles east of Goyder Plains westwards to and over the South Hummocks to form a station after which they named the station, Parryora.

When Mr. Bowman approached Grandpa Green, as was told to me from my father by Grandma Green, he thought about it deeply, then asked Grandma, as Mr. Bowman had offered Grandpa, according to my father, what Grandma said was at that time the enormous amount of 3 (three pounds) per acre. According to my father Grandma said to Grandpa take it with BOTH HANDS, which then of course he decided to sell at this enormous price to Mr. Bowman.

Grandpa green then having paid his mortgage on his farm, and with a very handsome bank balance according to those times, journeyed north and bought a farm named BROOKLYN, one mile from the small town of Collinsfield. The town of Collinsfield is shown on the early maps "known as maps of hundreds of such and such areas of early development in South Australia". I have recently seen a map at the National Trust House, Beaumont, Adelaide. Grandma journeyed up to the new farm with her children in the spring cart and horse, whilst Grandpa came up with the wagon etc. They lived at the home at the farm of Brooklyn where my father born for a few years.

The town of Collinsfield was to be closed as the new town of REDHILL was to become the town centre for that and surrounding areas. Grandpa then decided to buy the town of Collinsfield about 1886.

My father William was born at Brooklyn in 1885 and according to my father he was 12 months old when Grandpa and Grandma and their children moved to Collinsfield where Grandpa closed the hotel which became the family home.

The town consisted of the hotel, family home, the butcher's shop, I believe became the harness shop, the general store, became the barn, which I played in with my cousins Tom, and Nessy often when I stayed with their parents Uncle Tom and Aunty Ethel. A school and school house where school was attended by Grandpa's children and the children of that area until the Red Hill school open in 1875 or 1876. The stables of course were used by Grandpa.

The loft some distance from the hotel then became the western end upstairs part became the family skating rink, down stairs the buggy house, down stairs eastern side the wash-house and utility place, upstairs eastern side the working men's rooms.

Our Grandparents, Thomas and Phillis Green had 13 children, of which five of their babies died in infancy, about the ages of between 12 and 14 months. We think may be they could have died of Cystic Fibrosis as our Grandma was an undiagnosed diabetic as this condition so very seldom was diagnosed in those infant days of medicine. Also my father William was a devastating asthmatic as was an Aunt.

Their children were:-

Mary Agather (sic) born 1873. Married Mr. John Cummins
Catherine born 1875 married Mr Edmond Cummins
Archibald born 1876 married Miss Mary Giles
Child born abt 1877 died in infancy
Ellen born 1878 married Mr Francis Burns
John born abt 1879 died in infancy
James born 1881 died in infancy
Laurence born 1883 died in infancy
William Ambrose born 1885 married Monica Hayes
Phillis born 1887, Single, born at the Peppers, Collinsfield
Agnes born 1888 married Mr Murray Fullers, born at the Peppers
Thomas born 1889 married Miss Ethel
Mary Madeline born 1890 died in infancy

The five little babies' graves were tenderly looked after when our Grandparents left the district by Aunty Ethel Green, then married Thomas Green where they lived at the Peppers, Collinsfield.

Grandpa's and Grandma's sons' inheritances:-
Archibald, their eldest son inherited a farm a few miles north west from his parents when he married, mortgage free and death duties free.

Their second son William Ambrose, when he married inherited from parents also the farm called Brooklyn, a mile south west of the Peppers, Collinsfield mortgage free and death duties free also.

Thomas Leo their youngest son, when he married he inherited The Peppers, Collinsfield also mortgage free and death duties free.

Our Grandparents did this as, my father told me, many years before they died so their sons and their wives would not have to carry the heavy burden of mortgages as they had to in those early days of colonisation in their young lives. For income our Grandparents accepted a small rent from each of them yearly, if it was a bad year, my father said he would cancel their rent.

Our Grandparents were very highly respected by all who knew them. They were very charitable, Grandma and her great friend Mrs. Phillis every Thursday would visit around the district, especially the young mothers sick in bed and unable to cope for time, these women would take some cooking also sponge these young mothers and make them comfortable. Grandpa was also so generous towards civic and church demands; he asked that his donations not be known, as my father told me.

Grandma and Grandpa about, or maybe a little later, than the turn of the century left "The Peppers, and retired and bought the home at Semaphore from a Mr Darling a well known flour miller of Adelaide. They lived there happily until Grandma died 7.12.13. Grandpa died about 1918 or 1919.

Post Script
William Ambrose Green (1883-1960 - a correction to the date above) and father of Aunty Phil, married Margaret Monica Hayes (1879-1969) at Caltowie, SA, Australia on 19 July 1910. Their marriage was announced in the local newspaper. William was born at Brooklyn the family farm near Redhill, and Margaret was born at Murraberra. Both died in Adelaide and are buried in Centennial Park Cemetry. See their daugher's Eileen Gertrude Green story for background on their lives